Today : Sunday, September 24, 2017

Universities, institutes of technology, and community colleges, provide the higher education in the country. Major universities are public, but there are also a large number of smaller private universities and colleges.
Higher education levels in the country are distinguished by different degrees: FOGHE-DIPLOM or KARDANI is earned after 2 years of higher education, KARSHENASI is delivered over 4 years of higher education (Bachelor's degree, B.Sc., B.A.) KARSHENASI-ARSHAD is obtained after 2 more years of study (Master's degree, M.Sc., M.A.) following B.Sc. Finally, the candidate may pursue a doctoral degree (Ph.D.).
There is normally a tough entrance exam to be qualified for enrollment at each level.
The higher education system is under tight supervision of the Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology. Only high school graduates are admitted to universities. 
High school graduates must pass the annual universities' entrance exam. Only well-qualified candidates are admitted.

The School education system in Iran comprises of the following five phases/levels:
1) Preschool  (1 year, children aged 5)
2) Primary school (5 years, children aged 6-10)
3) Middle school (Guidance) (3 years, children aged 11-13)
4) Secondary school (3 years, students aged 14-17)
5) Pre-university (1 year, students aged 18)

Preschool education: This is non-compulsory and children proceed automatically to primary education at the age of 6.
Primary education: Children begin primary education at the age of 6 and are given a broad range of general education. There is a national exam at the end of the 5 years, which students have to pass to enter into the Middle (Guidance) educational level.
Middle/Guidance level: This three-year phase also provides students with general education, and encourages them to think about the options for the secondary education. Students must pass a regional exam at the end of the Guidance level in order to proceed to the secondary education level.
Secondary education: Secondary education is divided into two branches: ‘theoretical’ studies and technical & vocational studies. The academic or ‘theoretical’ branch comprises of four subject areas: literature & culture, socioeconomic studies, maths & physics, experimental sciences. The technical branch is more vocational in structure and is divided into the following three sectors: technical, business & vocational, and agricultural.
National exams are conducted at the end of each academic year during this secondary cycle.
Students complete a number of units during their three years of secondary education, and must obtain 96 units within this time in order to be awarded the High School Diploma (Diplom-e Mottevasseteh).
Pre-University education: Students wishing to enter Higher Education must take a one-year pre-university course, at the end of which they can obtain a ‘Pre-University Certificate’. This certificate, then qualifies students to sit for the highly competitive National Entry Exam (Konkur), success in which is imperative in order to gain a place at university.

To grant an admission for each level, the qualifications and the academic degrees of international candidates will be evaluated based on the Iranian national educational system, regulations of the Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology and SBUK faculties criteria.


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